, a propionic acid–derivative NSAID, is available OTC as an acid or the sodium salt. It is available as tablets or gel caps (200–550 mg) or as a suspension (125 mg/5 mL). Structurally and pharmacologically, is similar to carprofen and . In people and dogs, it is used for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic properties.
Dog Pain Killer Guide: Prescription, OTC and Alternatives
Forty-four dogs were enrolled in the study. One dog in the tramadol group was excluded from analysis due to behavior which prevented accurate pain scoring, resulting in 22 dogs in the carprofen (C) group and 21 dogs in the tramadol (T) group. There was no difference in mean age, gender, baseline pain scores or median baseline VAS scores between groups (). Reasons for enucleation and breed distribution were similar between groups (). Twenty-one of 22 in the carprofen group had painful ocular conditions prior to surgery, while 19/21 dogs in the tramadol group had painful ocular conditions prior to surgery. Of the three dogs with non-painful ocular conditions requiring enucleation, only one of these dogs, in the tramadol group, required rescue analgesia.
Extensive Guide for Pain Relief in Dogs | Your Old Dog
Results from this study suggest that meloxicam produces superior analgesia to butorphanol at the doses used. Behavioral scores (pain score and VAS) were significantly lower with meloxicam. Analgesiometer readings were somewhat difficult to interpret and considerable individual variation was present. Neither meloxicam nor butorphanol prevented the development of wound hyperalgesia (increased sensitivity to application of pressure along the wound edges). The same technique was recently used to compare the analgesic effects of meloxicam and other NSAIDS in cats () and in dogs treated with meperidine () or carprofen (). Significant wound hyperalgesia, following ovariohysterectomy, was also noted in these studies (,,). It could be argued that a higher dose of butorphanol would have resulted in improved analgesia. A butorphanol dose of 0.2 to 0.8 mg/kg BW, SC, has been found to be effective for visceral analgesia in the dog (); duration of analgesia was found to be 23 to 53 min (). Dogs in the current study required rescue analgesia at 2.5 and 3 h postpremedication. Given the short duration of effect noted in the above study (), it is not surprising that dogs required rescue analgesia in the immediate postoperative period.
All pain-relieving drugs are called analgesics